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Delmopinol Hydrochloride Side Effects In Dogs

What is Delmopinol Hydrochloride?

Delmopinol HCl Side Effects in DogsDelmopinol hydrochloride (HCL) is a compound that has been shown to reduce the amount of plaque and gingivitis formation on teeth during clinical trials in humans. The study also compared Delmopinol HCL to other known plaque reducing mouthwash compounds and patients reported less irritation and side effects compared to the alternative.

A form of Delmopinol has been approved by the FDA for human use for prevention of plaque gingivitis and has been claimed to provide similar results for dogs. As per the description given by the FDA; "The drug interacts with the early acquired pellicle, the thin layer of saliva polymers and proteins covering teeth and gums, and forms a barrier over teeth and gums. This barrier prevents the microbial adhesion and colonisation on the tooth and gum surface. Delmopinol itself has no bactericidal activity."

What is Plaque?

Plaque is a combination of bacteria and slime that forms a film coating on teeth – if left for too long, plaque will harden into tartar which can cause damage to the teeth and gums. Even before tartar forms, plaque can cause problems because of the bacteria it traps on teeth and in the mouth. Bacteria is what gives your dog stinky breath and can result in other teeth, mouth or gum related problems.

Cleaning plaque and managing your dog's dental hygiene

Classic ways of removing plaque and bacteria from your dog’s teeth include manual brushing or having them play with specifically shaped chew toys which can scrape away the plaque. Delmopinol hydrochloride has been proposed to support mechanical cleaning by forming a protective barrier on your dog’s teeth to help repel plaque. This was first introduced in 2015 when Merial launched their line of OraVet Dental Hygiene Chews, which claim to improve canine dental hygiene and have support from vets. As mentioned, the formation of plaque, tartar and bacteria contribute to the unkind breath your dog might have, but it can also cause gum recession, inflammation and tooth loss if left unchecked.

OraVet Chews carry a seal of approval from the Veterinary Oral Health Council (VOHC). OraVet also claims to be supported by research that shows dental hygiene improvements where a comparison trial of giving dogs one OraVet chew per day versus dogs on a diet of dry food showed a plaque and tartar reduction of 50% in the OraVet group – however, the actual study is not published. OraVet Chews do however have many positive reviews around the internet with 4-5 stars given by customers from most major pet stores and minimal complaints or reports of irritation.

Side effects of Delmopinol Hydrochloride

Unfortunately, no studies have been done specifically on the side effects of delmopinol hydrochloride ingested by dogs, but people have mentioned some side effects for OraVet Hygiene Chews. Feedback shows the Chews can sometimes lead to diarrhoea or vomiting, but mostly limited to dogs with sensitive stomachs.

There have also been reports that OraVet Chews have turned some dog’s stool green – as strange as this may look, it is likely not to cause any harm to your dog, and is caused by ingredients in OraVet other than delmopinol hydrochloride such as the parsley flakes and alfalfa.

It should also be noted that the effectiveness of the OraVet Chews (and any other breath freshening chews) will be lost if your dog swallows the chew whole (the chewing action is what spreads the active ingredients around your dog’s mouth) so should be monitored.

Alternative dog chews

Other well-known dog chew treats include;

These alternatives do not contain delmopinol hydrochloride – so might be worth checking out if you’re sceptical on that chemical specifically.

A majority of the reviews given by consumers for OraVet Chews are positive, and there is no known specifically adverse side-effects due to delmopinol hydrochloride across the general population of dogs that are given the Chews. Delmopinol hydrochloride itself has known benefits to reduction of tartar, plaque and bacteria on teeth and gums – but as always there are alternatives if you’re still cautious.



2 comments

  • Are these safe for diabetic dogs?

    Michele Gray
  • Unfortunately, there isn’t any specific research on diabetics (dogs or people) ingesting delmopinol hcl – but since the compound doesn’t interact with the body’s blood sugar process or the breakdown of food it’s not likely to have any adverse effects.

    Another thing to be wary of with any dog treat or dental chew is how much it will change your dog’s diet and caloric intake.
    Dog chews generally have a higher carb to protein ratio than normal dog food. So, if you add a dental chew to your dog’s daily diet be sure to factor that into their total daily macro and calorie intake. The OraVet Hygiene Chews calorie content is below.

    Depending on how sensitive your dog is to insulin spikes you might need to give them the chew after a meal rather than mid-day when there is little or no insulin in the body.

    There’s some more information to a similar question here (https://www.adwdiabetes.com/articles/scoop-dental-chews-ask-dr-joi) if you’d like to check that out too and always remember to check with your vet about your pet’s specific needs.

    OraVet Dental Hygiene Chews Calories per chew:
    Extra-small: 26.8
    Small: 47.7
    Medium 80.5
    Large 128.2

    Jones Everton

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